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Asthma Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

Dr. Gaglani completed her fellowship at the leading respiratory hospital in the United States - National Jewish Center in Denver, Colorado. As a board-certified physician in AAI, she is one of the most qualified and trained professionals to manage asthma due to her specific and focused training in identifying the symptoms, triggers and diagnosis of asthma.

What is Asthma?

Asthma is a disease caused by obstruction of the airways in the lungs. The airway obstruction is caused by inflammation. Generally this causes symptoms of wheezing, shortness of breath, cough or chest tightness. The obstruction is reversed by bronchodilators.

Different Patterns of Asthma

1. Asthma can be exercise induced when symptoms manifest only with exertion.
2. Asthma can be viral induced when one has asthma symptoms following a "cold".
3. Asthma can be allergy induced when triggered by allergens such as cat, dog or seasonal allergens (cedar, oak, ragweed, grasses, etc.).
4. Asthma can be year-round when triggered by multiple or year-round allergens or when it is non-allergic asthma.

Diagnosis of Asthma

Asthma is diagnosed through a thorough history taking, physical examination, spirometry and/or response to a bronchodilator.

Asthma Treatments

The treatment of asthma has changed significantly over the last few decades. The preferred medications are inhaled rather than oral. Emphasis is on control of inflammation in the airways and prevention of remodeling.

Quick Relief Medications
These are used on an as needed basis to treat asthma symptoms and advised not to be used daily.

Long Term Control Medications
These medications are used regularly by themselves or in combination to control asthma symptoms. When taken regularly they prevent asthma attacks, ER visits and hospitalizations.

What about allergy injections(Immunotherapy) and anti Ig  antibody(Omalizumab) treatment
Immunotherapy is effective for allergy induced asthma. Anti IgE antibodies(Omalizumab) is indicated for severe asthma if it is allergy induced and steroid dependent.

FAQs for Asthma

Q: When does asthma typically start?
Asthma can start at any age. Allergy-induced asthma starts in childhood for many. It affects 14-15 million people in the US.

Q: What causes asthma?
Most people with allergic asthma have a genetic predisposition to having allergies. It is seen in patients who have allergic rhinitis and eczema; however, there are environmental factors which interplay with genetic tendency before asthma symptoms manifest.

Q: Does one outgrow asthma?
Symptoms of many children with asthma improve as they grow older. This is usually because as they grow, their airways grow and therefore the obstruction is less severe compared to when the airways are smaller. Not everyone outgrows asthma and many patients continue to exhibit asthma symptoms in adulthood.

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  Allergies & Asthma Clinic Austin Clinic Round Rock Clinic  
  Binaca Gaglani
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2312 Western Trails Blvd. Suite 101,
Austin, TX 78745
Phone: (512) 804-0000
7700 Cat Hollow Dr, Suite 202,
Round Rock, TX 78681
Phone: (512) 804-0999
 
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